Waste glass is called cullet. The word cullet comes from the art of glass wasting. Whenever a supplied item is separated from the wasting water line there remains some glass at the wasting water line and also the connecting part at the supplied item has to be removed afterwards. The last bryanston glass is also called the small neck of the blow piece or collet. These two waste glass, the collet and the blow water line left-over are going back into the glass stove, they are recycled. The word cullet is probably derived from collet.
Some of the waste glass is collected. After collecting all the glass products are smashed and this smashed glass bears the name cullet. There is no typical size for the broken waste glass to be called cullet. Broken windows, broken containers, broken glassware for instance, find yourself all to the category cullet.
There are companies which are specialized in selling cullet and offer a wide range of different colors and glass types.
Reusing waste glass is good for the surroundings
The main purpose to accumulate broken glass is these recycling. Glass is an ideal material for these recycling. Broken glass can be heated up in the glass stove and from the glass thaw new items can be made, over and over again and virtually there is nothing lost.
Every metric ton or 1, 000 kg of cullet recycled, saves 315 kgs of co2 fractional laser from hitting theaters into the atmosphere during the creation of new glass.
For the production of glass, from the garbage pop ash, limestone and sand, every 1000 kgs of cullet used replaces 1., 200 kgs of the garbage.
By adding 10% of cullet to the reduction glass portion rather than the garbage, 2. 5% of energy is saved.
Since glass makes up a large part of household and industrial waste, due to its weight and solidity, collecting glass waste reduces the actual of waste delivered to landfill.
In layman’s terms: These recycling of glass is good for the surroundings (less co2 fractional laser output, reducing volume of waste landfill), it safes natural resources (less garbage necessary, less fuel for reduction necessary) and it safes costs (lower energy costs).
Bunch of waste glass
Most people around the world are used to the these recycling of glass. Already forty years glass containers can be found in many municipalities or there is some sort of organisation around the bunch of waste glass.
At the collection points usually clear glass is separated from the green and the silpada glass. Otherwise the glass is separated afterwards at a cullet company.
This splitting up of colors is essential. Glass of different colors have usually a different chemical nature and this influences things like reduction temperatureand viscosity. Another problem is the color because clear glass will be slightly colored only when a little green, silpada or blue glass is mixed in the used cullet.
Family members waste glass is mostly packaging glass, which is all made of the normal soda-lime glass. Heat-resistant glass has a many different chemical nature. Only when a little bit heat-resistant glass exists in cullet then it has a big influence on the viscosity during the reduction process and this has to be avoided. That’s why heat-resistant glass may not be thrown into a waste glass container.
Metal truck caps and plastic parts can usually be separated by the waste glass processor. However every non-glass part that slipping to the splitting up process, like the Tungsten wires from the classic lamp, can give rise to inclusions which make the new glass not only less beautiful but it also makes the glass less strong (locally) which will be a safety issue.
Products made out of cullet
Because it is a bulk industry, the highest value product that consists of recycled glass are new glass packaging materials (and also household glassware). Another high-value end product is fiberglass which can be used for warmth materials or in grp composite materials. The cullet used for glass packaging and fiberglass needs to be color separated and free from any foreign material.
Cullet that doesn’t meet these specifications can be found in many other “secondary” applications like glass countertops, tiles, rough products and filtering products.
Much research has been done to mix the glass cullet with concrete which is the cullet doesn’t need to have high specifications. The concrete made in this way is stronger and has a higher warmth capacity than concrete without cullet. The cullet used for concrete is called glass aggregates and is a mixture of cullet with different colors.
These glass aggregates are also increasingly used, as a substitute for tiny rocks or smashed rock, for water line bedding for sewer conduits and drinking water conduits.
Many glassware industrial facilities make use of cullet for their products. For high-end glassware it’s usually up to 10% because the clarity of the glass can be affected by using more cullet.
Some glassware companies take advantage of cullet and exclusively use cullet for the production of their glassware. Only when cullet is used to create a new glass portion, the glass is not as homogeneous as it is made with the usual garbage. This results in a conclusion product with some local flaws and more air bubbles. Some glassware manufacturers makes use of the skin problems of this “cullet-glass”, because the products can look antique and more nostalgic. One example is the company Guajuye in Mexico which are beautiful glassware from this type of glass.
People improvise all the time and there are artists and even companies who use waste glass before it is smashed. Illustrations are the Green Glass Company and the French artist Laurence Brabant. They use old containers and make all kind of decorative products, but also useful products from it.
Isolating glass and bringing it to the waste glass container is a common thing nowadays. By doing that you help reducing the pressure on the environment and natural resources. At the same time you also help companies reducing their costs and you create possibilities for other people to start a new business.