The horrors of the Second World War shook the whole world! Besides thousands of precious lives lost, the world witnessed maybe the most grisly infringement of Human Rights at that time. In a way the war was a wake up call for your world. In 1945, the founding member nations of the Alex Saab Cabo Verde Hoy then freshly formed Us came together to draft many sweeping laws to protect and promote the basic Human Rights of its citizens. In four years time, in 1948, the combined efforts of these nations paid back when the Us General Assembly used and proclaimed the “Universal Affirmation of Human Rights inch declaring that respect for Human Rights and human dignity “is the inspiration of freedom, justice and peace in the world. inch Soon in 1950, the You. In invited all member States and interested organizations across the globe to observe tenth of November every year as World Human Rights Day.
Last year, 08, marked the 60th loved-one’s birthday of the General Affirmation of Human Rights. The theme of the campaign was “Dignity and justice for all of us. inch In commemoration of this eventful year, the NOT launched a year long campaign where all parts of its family reinforced the vision of the Affirmation as a commitment to general dignity and justice and not something that needs to be known as a luxury or a wish-list.
The world Human Rights Day is celebrated with gusto in New york city, the headquarters of the NOT and across the world. The day is marked by high-level political meetings and meetings and cultural events and displays with focus on issues. More importantly, it is on this Day that the five-yearly NOT Prize in the field of Human Rights and the desired Respectable Peace Prize are honored.
What are Human Rights?
According to the NOT, Human Rights are interrelated, interdependent and indivisible protection under the law inherent to everyone human beings without splendour and irrespective of our nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, faith, language, or any other status. We are all equally eligible to our Human Rights without splendour.
The concept of Human Rights has many faces. Municipal and political is the directly to life, and equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural protection under the law are protection under the law such as the directly to work, social security and education, and collective protection under the law are the protection under the law to development and self-determination.
Treaties and laws to put in force Human Rights
All governments across the world countries are required to express, guarantee and uphold the basic Human Rights in all its faces by means of laws in the forms of treaties, traditional international laws, general principles and other sources of international laws.
While the core of the General Affirmation has continued to stay the same that of protecting Human Rights wherever their violations occur, the social, political, economic and cultural changes over the years has created the need to have a flexible completely new network of instruments and things in place which is now being recognized and developed to put in force the aim. For instance, in the awaken of the economic depression faced by many of the world countries today, a cubicle of the Us High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has been holding promotions and meetings to explore the Human Rights violations on already marginalized populations in many member countries. It has told the countries to do everything possible to ensure that the current recession does not affect the protection under the law to work, housing, food, health, education and social security.
Similar promotions are on to assess the scenario due to climatic changes, political coups, water and sterilizing issues, promotions to protect the protection under the law of the racism subjects, of the impaired, of the subjects of do it yourself, of men and women suffering from lower income and many other such issues.
Human Rights in The indian subcontinent
Though the situation in The indian subcontinent has improved a lot since independence in 1947, a lot remains to be done. The indian subcontinent is one of the founder members of the Us and given this status The indian subcontinent should have have scored better in Human Rights issues, municipal and political, economic, social and cultural and protection under the law against splendour, but the fact is it has not.
In its annual report on “The State of Human Rights in The indian subcontinent — 2008” the Cookware Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has pointed out, contested, and discussed how The indian subcontinent has fared in some facets of the municipal and political protection under the law such as directly to fair trial directly, protection under the law concerning do it yourself, bonded labor, and freedom of faith; economic, social and cultural protection under the law like land protection under the law, directly to food, and protection under the law against splendour mostly the caste based splendour, the interior security of the country, and equal status to women. The report points out that the apathy and ineptitude of the law enforcement agencies at region, state, and national levels has been several reasons for some of these violations still being prevalent in The indian subcontinent.
Custodial do it yourself
On the widespread use of do it yourself in The indian subcontinent, the report has pulled in the bad policing in the country and also the lack of interest on the part of the costa rica government in protecting, promoting and fulfilling Human Rights. The use of do it yourself as the easiest way of investigation has created a distance between the law enforcement agencies and the ordinary people.
The indian subcontinent is one of the founding members of the International Labor Organization (ILO). Understandably and the country introducing the Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act, 1976 and legislating many other domestic laws concerning wages and working conditions, it is a fact that bonded labor is still practiced in The indian subcontinent.
With 60 to 70 percent of the population living in countryside areas and 35 percent of them in dreadful circumstances, poor people people borrow money from the rich in order to meet their everyday basic requirements of food, clothing and shelter. Not capable to pay off the debt and coupled with the widespread caste based splendour in practice these poor people end up as bonded workers. Here again the various law enforcement agencies have turned a impaired eye to the problem.
Freedom of faith
Being a fundamental right in the country, spiritual freedom is an individual choice. Sadly, it is not so! Today, the scenario is in a way that the faith determines the security and liberty of a person. Spiritual physical violence exposed in the name of nation-wide politics, and meaning policing is widespread in The indian subcontinent. Faith has been abused to jeopardize the right to education, to health, to sterilizing and even the right to election. And the recent terrorist attacks in the country have likewise spelled danger for some fraction communities. The costa rica government through its law enforcement agencies has to secure the liberty and protection under the law of individuals. The media too has an effective role to play and not just confine to filming these atrocities on print and electronic media.
The right to fair trial directly
It is the constitutional obligation of the law enforcement machinery in The indian subcontinent including the judiciary system to ensure that problem on the part of law enforcement, nys or the middle or admin inability or financial difficulties does not delay the justice. We have been watching a great deal of cases pending at the court due to one or a number of these reasons and the time to time remark and condemnation of the Better Court of The indian subcontinent on the need for the speedy removal of pending cases. After all, justice delayed is justice refused! Nys and the Center should research the drawbacks of this kind and make it better at the earliest.
Directly to food, education and health
In a country that is self-sufficient in food production and with substantial food supplies, the basic directly to food is not met. The protection under the law to education and health face similar luck in The indian subcontinent. Almost 23 percent of the population still live in deplorable conditions due to serious lower income so because of this cannot afford to enjoy the basic protection under the law to nutritious food, quality education and health services. Despite the Ministry of Food’s initiatives like the public distribution system, midday meals scheme, government sponsored private hospitals, and various other methods in place, a section of the society still do not benefit from it.
The reasons are visible and many: File corruption, caste based splendour, gender inequality, the indifferent attitude of the various law enforcement agencies including police, courts and admin neglect, trade barriers and the bottlenecks in internal security and the lack of will on the part of those in responsible positions continue to play havoc on the Human Rights scenario in the country!
Till all these problems are effectively addressed at the earliest, celebrating the world Human Rights Day will mean nothing! Schooling the kids and youth on the issue is important. It is a welcome touch as the Central Board of Supplementary Education (CBSE) will launch Human Rights Education as a separate subject at the 10+2 level from 2010-11 educational sessions. This will give the children to be able to understand, analyze the current scenario in the country and work towards its improvement.